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        Brassica Alternaria Leaf Spot

        Alternaria brassicicola, A. brassicae, and A. Raphani

        Alternaria brassicicola
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]
        Alternaria brassicicola
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]
        Alternaria brassicicola
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]
        Alternaria brassicicola
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]
        Alternaria brassicicola [Credit: Seemadua, S. Department of Agriculture, Thailand]


        Host Plants:

        On Crops: Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, kohlrabi, kale, rutabaga, turnip and radish

        Where Found:

        Worldwide, wherever host crops are grown

        Description:

        Following periods of warm summer rain, with temperatures between 65-75F (18-24C) small black dots develop on plant leaves, which are clearest on leaf undersides. As the disease develops, the spots enlarge and have a bull's eye pattern of concentric circles with a black center in the middle. Leaf tissues between the spots turn yellow.

        Damage:

        Alternaria leaf spot can weaken plants, but it will not kill them. However, when already infected plants receive more than twelve hours of constant warm rain, spores can be distributed so extensively that the plants cannot recover.

        Preventing Problems:

        Alternaria leaf spot can be carried on seed, so always purchase disease-free seeds, and do not save seeds from infected plants. Make sure plants get good air circulation and plenty of sun, and keep weeds controlled to promote prompt drying after rains. Use mulch to keep soil from splashing onto plants in heavy rains. Avoid using sprinklers or other overhead irrigation methods after cabbage, broccoli or cauliflower heads have formed. At the end of the season, pull up and compost plant material so it will be completely rotted by the following summer.

        Managing Outbreaks:

        Break off badly affected leaves and compost them. Removing older leaves that show alternaria spots will greatly reduce the number of spores present, and improve air circulation around the plants at the same time.

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